The _DEVICEINPUT function returns the device number when a controller device button, wheel or axis event occurs.
device% = _DEVICEINPUT device_active% = _DEVICEINPUT(device_number%)
- Use the _DEVICEINPUT device% INTEGER returned to find the number of the controller device being used.
- A literal specific device_number% parameter can be used to return -1 if active or 0 if inactive. EX: WHILE _DEVICEINPUT(2)
- Use _DEVICES to find the number of controller devices available BEFORE using this function.
- _DEVICE$ can be used to list the device names and control types using valid _DEVICES numbers.
- When a device button is pressed or a scroll wheel or axis is moved, the device number will be returned.
- Devices are numbered as 1 for keyboard and 2 for mouse. Other controller devices will be numbered 3 or higher if installed.
- _LASTBUTTON, _LASTAXIS, or _LASTWHEEL will indicate the number of functions available with the specified device number.
- User input events can be monitored reading valid numbered _AXIS, _BUTTON, _BUTTONCHANGE or _WHEEL functions.
- Note: ON…GOSUB keyboard, mouse, gamecontrol can be used to control the devices 1,2 and 3, etc.
Checking device controller interfaces and finding out what devices are being used.
FOR i = 1 TO _DEVICES PRINT STR$(i) + ") " + _DEVICE$(i) PRINT "Button:"; _LASTBUTTON(i); ",Axis:"; _LASTAXIS(i); ",Wheel:"; _LASTWHEEL(i) NEXT PRINT DO x = _DEVICEINPUT IF x THEN PRINT "Device ="; x; LOOP UNTIL INKEY$ = CHR$(27) 'escape key exit END
[KEYBOARD][BUTTON] Buttons: 512 Axis: 0 Wheels: 0 [MOUSE][BUTTON][AXIS][WHEEL] Buttons: 3 Axis: 2 Wheels: 3 [CONTROLLER][NAME][Microsoft Sidewinder Precision Pro (USB)](NAME][Microsoft Sidewinder Precision Pro (USB))[BUTTON][AXIS] Buttons: 9 Axis: 6 Wheels: 0 Device = 2 Device = 2
Note: Mouse events must be within the program screen area. Keyboard presses are registered only when program is in focus.
Why does a mouse have 3 wheels? Relative x and y movements can be read using the first 2 _WHEEL reads.
ignore = _MOUSEMOVEMENTX 'dummy call to put mouse into relative movement mode PRINT "Move your mouse and/or your mouse wheel (ESC to exit)" d = _DEVICES ' always read number of devices to enable device input DO: _LIMIT 30 'main loop DO WHILE _DEVICEINPUT(2) 'loop only runs during a device 2 mouse event PRINT _WHEEL(1), _WHEEL(2), _WHEEL(3) LOOP LOOP UNTIL INKEY$ = CHR$(27)
Explanation: Referencing the _MOUSEMOVEMENTX function hides the mouse and sets the mouse to a relative movement mode which can be read by _WHEEL. _DEVICEINPUT(2) returns -1 (true) only when the mouse is moved, scrolled or clicked.
Using ON…GOSUB with the _DEVICEINPUT number to add keyboard, mouse and game controller event procedures.
n = _DEVICES 'required when reading devices PRINT "Number of devices found ="; n FOR i = 1 TO n PRINT i; _DEVICE$(i) ' 1 = keyboard, 2 = mouse, 3 = other controller, etc. NEXT PRINT DO: device = _DEVICEINPUT ON device GOSUB keyboard, mouse, controller 'must be inside program loop LOOP UNTIL INKEY$ = CHR$(27) END keyboard: PRINT device; "Keyboard"; RETURN mouse: PRINT device; "Mouse "; RETURN controller: PRINT device; "Game control "; RETURN
Note: ON…GOSUB and ON…GOTO events require numerical values to match the order of line labels listed in the event used inside loops.
- _DEVICES, _DEVICE$
- _LASTBUTTON, _LASTAXIS, _LASTWHEEL
- _BUTTON, _AXIS, _WHEEL
- STRIG, STICK
- ON…GOSUB (numerical events)
- Controller Devices